Photo by Janko Ferlic from Pexels
Recently, in the keynote speech at the leaders' summit of the 15th Conference of the parties to the Convention on biological diversity, it was proposed that China would take the lead in investing 1.5 billion yuan to establish the Kunming biodiversity fund to support the cause of biodiversity conservation in developing countries. China calls on and welcomes all parties to contribute to the fund.
At the same time, in order to enhance biodiversity conservation, China is speeding up the construction of a natural conservation system with national parks as its main body, and gradually brings the most important natural ecosystems, the most natural landscape, the most natural heritage and the most abundant biodiversity into the national public garden system.
China has officially established the first batch of national parks such as Sanjiangyuan, giant panda, Amur tiger and leopard, Hainan tropical rain forest and Wuyi Mountain, with a protection area of 230000 square kilometers, covering nearly 30% of the land-based wildlife species under national key protection. At the same time, based on the principle of combining in-situ protection with ex situ protection, the construction of National Botanical Garden system in Beijing, Guangzhou and other countries was started.
What is a national park?
National Park refers to the specific land area or sea area that is approved by the state to protect the national natural ecosystem with national representativeness, so as to realize the scientific protection and rational utilization of natural resources. It is the most important natural landscape in China.
What are the three ideas?
1、 Adhere to ecological protection first
2、 Adhere to national representation
3、 Adhere to the public welfare of the whole people
What are the differences between national parks and traditional nature reserves?
Ecological value: National Park is to protect the national representative natural ecosystem, with global value and national symbol.
Protection intensity: the National Park has larger protection scope, more complete ecological process and higher management level.
Outstanding features of national parks
Take the national park system as a national strategy, establish the primary position of the National Park in the key areas of maintaining national ecological security, and implement the strictest protection; take the mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grass, sand and ice as a life community, and comprehensively consider the cultural heritage and humanistic elements carried by these natural areas for protection and inheritance; Shoulder the important tasks of ecological poverty alleviation, economic development and improving people's livelihood, and practice the concept that green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains.